Ms. Chamirisa(1879~1955), inheriting the spirit of 3.1 Independent Movement during the Japanese colonization, has organized the “Chosun Committee for Women’s Education” in 1920. Affiliated with the committee, she established “Female Night School” which became the foundation of Duksung Educational Institution. This had great significance that it was an self-conscious, independent, and self sustainable educational institution built by the hands of a Chosun women.
Ms. Chamirisa also organized a lecturing committee and traveled throughout the nation to enlighten women in common households. With the fund raised through these lecturing activities, Ms. Chamirisa built “Geunhwa(Rose of Sharon) Educational Institution,” which transformed into Guenhwa Female Academy and Geunhwa Women’s Vocational Academy later on. However, encountering Japanese oppression, its name finally changed into Duksung, because Geunhwa(Rose of Sharon) is the Korean national flower and implied its Korean identity.
Ms. Chamirisa’s passion for national independence continued even after the Japanese colonization leading to unified nation-state establishment movements. In 2002, the Korean Government bestowed her the title of National Patriot recognizing her continuous dedication to national independence.